Short Name: MCD14ML
Product Title: MODIS/Aqua+Terra Thermal Anomalies/Fire locations 1km FIRMS V006 and V0061 (Vector data)
Platform: Aqua & Terra, Instrument: MODIS
Links to Download Data:
Long Name: MODIS/Aqua+Terra Thermal Anomalies/Fire locations 1km V006 and V0061 Standard (Vector data) distributed by LANCE FIRMS
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Thermal Anomalies / Fire locations - Collection 6/61 processed by NASA's Science Computing Facility (SCF) at the University of Maryland (UMD) and distributed by Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS), using swath products (MOD14/MYD14) rather than the tiled MOD14A1 and MYD14A1 products. The thermal anomalies / active fire represent the center of a 1km pixel that is flagged by the MODIS MOD14/MYD14 Fire and Thermal Anomalies algorithm (Giglio 2003) as containing one or more fires within the pixel. This is the most basic fire product in which active fires and other thermal anomalies, such as volcanoes, are identified.
MCD14ML are available through the FIRMS Archive Download with a lag of approximately 2 months. They are also available from the UMD SCF - see the UMD MODIS Active Fire and Burned Area Products website.
Spatial Coverage: Global
Spatial Resolution: 1km at nadir
- Citation Policy and Disclaimer
- Metadata: TBD
- MODIS Active Fire Data User Guide
- For support, contact Earthdata Support
- Science Principal Investigator – Louis Giglio, University of Maryland
- Attribute fields
Attribute Short Description Long Description Latitude Latitude Center of 1km fire pixel but not necessarily the actual location of the fire as one or more fires can be detected within the 1km pixel. Longitude Longitude Center of 1km fire pixel but not necessarily the actual location of the fire as one or more fires can be detected within the 1km pixel. Brightness Brightness temperature 21 (Kelvin) Channel 21/22 brightness temperature of the fire pixel measured in Kelvin. Scan Along Scan pixel size The algorithm produces 1km fire pixels but MODIS pixels get bigger toward the edge of scan. Scan and track reflect actual pixel size. Track Along Track pixel size The algorithm produces 1km fire pixels but MODIS pixels get bigger toward the edge of scan. Scan and track reflect actual pixel size. Acq_Date Acquisition Date Data of MODIS acquisition. Acq_Time Acquisition Time Time of acquisition/overpass of the satellite (in UTC). Satellite Satellite A = Aqua and T = Terra. Confidence Confidence (0-100%) This value is based on a collection of intermediate algorithm quantities used in the detection process. It is intended to help users gauge the quality of individual hotspot/fire pixels. Confidence estimates range between 0 and 100% and are assigned one of the three fire classes (low-confidence fire, nominal-confidence fire, or high-confidence fire). Version Version (Collection and source) Version identifies the collection (e.g. MODIS Collection 6) and source of data processing: Near Real-Time (NRT suffix added to collection) or Standard Processing (collection only).
"61NRT" - Collection 61 NRT processing.
"6.0" - Collection 6 Standard processing.
"6.1" - Collection 61/6.1 Standard processing.
Find out more on collections and on the differences between FIRMS data sourced from LANCE FIRMS and University of Maryland.
Bright_T31 Brightness temperature 31 (Kelvin) Channel 31 brightness temperature of the fire pixel measured in Kelvin. FRP Fire Radiative Power (MW - megawatts) Depicts the pixel-integrated fire radiative power in MW (megawatts).
Type* Inferred hot spot type 0 = presumed vegetation fire
1 = active volcano
2 = other static land source
3 = offshore
DayNight Day or Night D= Daytime fire, N= Nighttime fire
*This attribute is only available for MCD14ML (standard quality) data
- Related Products
VECTOR DATA - Near real-time (NRT) version of these data MCD14DL are available from FIRMS
Both MCD14DL and MCD14ML can be viewed in FIRMS Fire Map.
NEAR-REAL TIME PRODUCTS (HDF-EOS format) - available from LANCE and Earthdata Search
- Fire 5-Min L2 1km NRT
- MO/YD14 MODIS/Aqua Thermal Anomalies/Fire 5-Min L2 1km V0061
- MO/YD14CRS MODIS Coarse Thermal Anomalies/Fire 5-Min L2 Swath 5km V006 NRT
- MO/YD14CRS MODIS Coarse Thermal Anomalies/Fire 5-Min L2 Swath 5km V006
- Climate Modeling Grid Fire Products
STANDARD SCIENCE QUALITY PRODUCTS - available from NASA's Level-1 and Atmosphere Archive and Distribution System Distributed Active Archive Center (LAADS DAAC) and Earthdata Search
Level 2 Products (HDF-EOS format)
- MOD14 (Terra) and MYD14 (Aqua) MODIS Thermal Anomalies
- MOD14GD/MOD14GN (Terra) and MyD14GD/MYD14GN (Aqua) Level 2G Daytime and Nighttime Fire Products
Level 2 Products (HDF-EOS format)
- 8-Day Daily Composite Fire Product
- MOD14A1 (Terra) and MYD14A1 (Aqua)
- 8-Day Summary Fire Product
- MOD14A2 (Terra) and MYD14A2 (Aqua)
MODIS Global Daily Fire QA Product
Burned Area: MCD45A Global Burned Area Product (HDF-EOS format/GeoTIFF/SHP)
- Available from the University of Maryland Active Fire and Burned Area Products website in HDF-EOS format and as GeoTIFF and SHP files
- Available from NASA's Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) and accessible through Earthdata Search.
- Data Citation
This data set was provided by LANCE FIRMS operated by NASA ESDIS with funding provided by NASA Headquarters. See /earth-observation-data/near-real-time/citation#ed-firms-citation
- Further Reading
User Guides, Key Science Publications and General Information
- Find out what's new in Collection 6
- MODIS Collection 6 Active Fire Product User's Guide Revision B
- Giglio, L., Descloitres, J., Justice, C.O., Kaufman, Y. 2003. An enhanced contextual fire detection algorithm for MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment, 87:273-282. doi:10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00184-6
- Justice, C. O., L. Giglio, et al. 2011. MODIS-Derived Global Fire Products. Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change. B. Ramachandran, C. O. Justice and M. J. Abrams, Springer New York. 11: 661-679. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-6749-7_29.
- Justice, C. O., Giglio, L., Korontzi, S., Owens, J., Morisette, J., Roy, D., Descloitres, J., Alleaume, S., Petitcolin, F. and Kaufman, Y. J. 2002. The MODIS fire products. Remote Sensing of Environment 83:244-262. doi:10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00076-7.
- Product / Project Home page
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Validation: Updated MOD14 validation information is available on the EOS Land validation webpage
- Stories and news feeds
- Read about how near real-time MODIS fire detections are used in NASA's Sensing Our Planet publication, Orbiting Watchtowers