The purpose of a Data Management Plan (DMP) is to address the management of data from Earth science missions, from the time of their data collection/observation, to their entry into permanent archives.
Each organization funded by NASA to produce, archive and/or distribute data is required to prepare a Data Management Plan (DMP) and to maintain the DMP as a living document by reviewing it periodically and ensuring that the plan is up-to-date. The requirements for calling for DMPs are documented in appropriate sections of NASA Procedural Requirements (NPR) 7120.5 and 7120.8. NPR 7120.5 applies to Space Flight Programs and Projects, and NPR 7120.8 to Research and Technology Programs and Projects.
DMP Templates for both data producers and Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) were updated in early 2019 to include recommendations by the Data Quality Working Group (DQWG), one of NASA's Earth Science Data System Working Groups, on how to better describe the quality of the subject data products.
The purpose of the DMP Template for Data Producers is to provide guidelines for the DMP, to make the assembly of DMPs easier for the projects, and to ensure that DMPs will be in a consistent and useful format.
DAACs may also choose to develop more general DMPs to describe their data operations. The purpose of the DMP Template for DAACs is to provide the DAACs with guidance on the contents of data management plans.
The following documents provide more information on the recent DMP template updates, including the rationale for the data quality guidance.