Data Processing Levels

Description of data processing levels ranging from Level 0 to Level 4 for NASA EOSDIS data products.

Data Processing Levels

NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) data products are processed at various levels ranging from Level 0 to Level 4. Level 0 products are raw data at full instrument resolution. At higher levels, the data are converted into more useful parameters and formats. All EOS instruments must have Level 1 Standard Data Products (SDPs); most have SDPs at Level 2 and Level 3; and many have Level 4 SDPs. Some EOS Interdisciplinary Science Investigations also have generated Level 4 SDPs. Specifications for the set of SDPs to be generated are reviewed by the Earth Observing System Project Science Office (EOSPSO) and NASA Headquarters to ensure completeness and consistency in providing a comprehensive science data output for EOS. Standard data products are produced at NASA's Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) or Science Investigator-led Processing Systems (SIPS).

Data Level Description
Level 0 Reconstructed, unprocessed instrument and payload data at full resolution, with any and all communications artifacts (e.g., synchronization frames, communications headers, duplicate data) removed. (In most cases, NASA's EOS Data and Operations System [EDOS] provides these data to the DAACs as production data sets for processing by the Science Data Processing Segment [SDPS] or by one of the SIPS to produce higher-level products.)
Level 1A Level 1A (L1A) data are reconstructed, unprocessed instrument data at full resolution, time-referenced, and annotated with ancillary information, including radiometric and geometric calibration coefficients and georeferencing parameters (e.g., platform ephemeris) computed and appended but not applied to L0 data.
Level 1B L1B data are L1A data that have been processed to sensor units (not all instruments have L1B source data).
Level 1C L1C data are L1B data that include new variables to describe the spectra. These variables allow the user to identify which L1C channels have been copied directly from the L1B and which have been synthesized from L1B and why.
Level 2 Derived geophysical variables at the same resolution and location as L1 source data.
Level 2A

L2A data contains information derived from the geolocated sensor data, such as ground elevation, highest and lowest surface return elevations, energy quantile heights (“relative height” metrics), and other waveform-derived metrics describing the intercepted surface.

Level 2B L2B data are L2A data that have been processed to sensor units (not all instruments will have a L2B equivalent).
Level 3 Variables mapped on uniform space-time grid scales, usually with some completeness and consistency.
Level 3A L3A data are generally periodic summaries (weekly, ten-day, monthly) of L2 products.
Level 4 Model output or results from analyses of lower-level data (e.g., variables derived from multiple measurements).
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